50 million people have immigrated to America. The main relevant patterns of immigration were:
Some 650,000 people arrived before 1820. The majority were English and Welsh with a small number from a variety of European countries. These immigrants settled in small clusters in the eastern, mid-Atlantic and southern states.
I can find references to several Heyd, Heyde, Heid, Hayd and Hayde families who emigrated from Germany in this time period. In addition, a Hade family from Ireland arrived in New England in 1766.
At the time of the first census in 1790, there were two Heyd/Heyde families in Pennsylvania and 1 Hade family in New York State. From 1790 to the 1820 census, these two sets of families continued to live in these areas using a variety of surname variants.
In later years these families seem to have adopted surname variants other than Hayde.
Summaries of these census extracts from 1790 to 1840 are:
Between 1820 and 1880
Over 10 million immigrants came from northern Europe, the British Isles and Scandinavia in this period. There was a significant increase in the numbers of immigrants from Germany and Ireland in the 1840s and 1850s. Some settled in the large eastern cities while most migrated to the mid-west and west.
The 1850 census was the first that provided full details of each person in the family as well as ages and place of birth. This census showed:
In New York
- A family in Albany, New York state. They were from Tipperary and are part of Tree # 10.
- Two families from Ireland in Queens County (Newtown and Flushing), NY. They are from Carlow and are part of Tree # 15.
- Two other Irish born families that I have not yet traced to Ireland.
- Several unrelated families.
In Rhode Island, Connecticut, Massaachusetts
- No relevant families
- Several Irish born labourers that I have traced back to Roscommon in Ireland.
- Families in Pennsylvania, Ohio and other surrounding states that appear to be part of the original families in this area. These did not appear to have Irish origins.
- One family born in New Jersey.
In Chicago, Illinois
- An Irish born labourer that I have not been able to trace in Ireland.
In St Louis, Missouri
- One Irish born family that had recently arrived. They had a son born in Louisiana in 1846.
In New Mexico
- A William Hayde who was in the army. William was born in Wicklow, Ireland in 1826 and is part of Tree # 3.
Extracts of the 1850, 1860 and 1870 census are:
Between 1880 and 1920
More than 25 million immigrants arrived in this period. The largest numbers were from (in order) Germany, Ireland, Italy, Austria–Hungary, Russia and England.
The 1880 census was the first to add the birth place of parents. In 1900, the year of immigration and citizenship was added. Census records are available up to 1940. In addition, much other information (such as Ellis Island records) is available on line or by personal searches for this period. I have summarised the key Hayde references in the following census extracts:
The 1900 census
I have used these census records as my main record of the Hayde family in America. I have looked at each family, tried to trace it back to its origins (Ireland, England, Canada and Germany) and traced them through to the 1940 census. From this I have pulled together the relevant family tree. The 1900 census extracts are:
USA 1900 census extracts
Other Sources of Information
There are many other sources of information and these can be summarised as:
- Arrivals in America
- Various other pre 1900 records such as directories and state records
- Naturalisation and Citizenship records
- Military records
I have also contacted several Hayde families currently living in America and tried to trace them back to the trees I have compiled.
The Main American Families
The main Hayde families that appear to be relevant are as follows:
Albany New York State
From Ballinure (Tree # 10)
Brothers Patrick b 1819, John b 1826 and James b 1831, arrived in Albany County in the 1850s. They used Hayd in 1860, Hade in 1870 and Hayde in 1900. Margaret Hayde, born 1855, was still in Albany in 1930. James Hayde in Amsterdam, Montgomery County in 1900 was probably a descendant. His son William died in 1966.
I have also not yet traced a living relative of this family.
From Cloran, Drangan (Tree # 11)
In 1875, Patrick b 1849 and Bridget Lee were in Albany. They mar Vermont in 1872.
Madison, Lewis and Oneida (Tree # 3)
- William (b 1820) and Mary were in Brookfield, Madison in 1855, Highmarket, Lewis in 1860 and 1865 and Utica, Oneida thereafter.
- Patrick, (b Wicklow 1837), enlisted in the navy in 1864. He was in a Oneida workhouse in 1893.
Flushing, Queens, New York and New Jersey (Tree # 15)
- Peter b 1822 and James b 1822 were in Newtown and Flushing in 1850. They arrived in 1847. In 1860 and 1870 they used Hade but by 1880 and 1900 they were back to Hayde.
- Thomas b 1835 and Patrick b 1837. Both in Flushing in 1860 as Hade. A Hayde descendant was in Warren County (NY State) in 1920
- John b 1818 mar Elizabeth Byrnes in NJ in 1859
- William b 1821 and Catherine Hickson had a family in NJ in 1850s and 1860s
- John b 1828 and Mary who had a family in NJ in 1850s and 1860s
- Michael b 1831 and Ellen who also had a family in NJ in 1850s and 1860s
- William b 1869 mar Bridget Kirwin and arrived in 1909. Settled Queens
- Peter b 1818. Mar Bridget and were in Flushing in 1847
- Michael Joseph b 1880 arrived 1908 with his sister Mary b 1883
- Bridget b 1861, Ellen b 1858 in New York in late 1800s
- Mary b 1884 settled in Rhode Island in 1915
- Michael Joseph b 1882 arrived NY 1908
New York City
From Ballingarry, Tipperary (Tree # 2)
Henry b 1818 arrived NY in 1853.
From Killenaule, Tipperary (Tree # 6)
William b 1860 and George b 1866, two brothers, arrived in NY in the 1880s. William married and had a family of girls in NYC while there is no trace of any descendants of George.
From Ballinure, Tipperary (Tree # 9)
Three sons of Edward and Cath Liddy, Patrick b 1850, John b 1852 and Edward, and several daughters arrived in the 1860s. They lived in Manhattan and worked on the railways.
Most of the Haydes currently living in New York City are descended from these three brothers.
John b 1810 and Anne were in NYC in 1850. They were Haight in 1850, Hade in 1855, 1860, 1870 and Hayde in 1880.
Thomas b 1819 and Mary were in Newtown, Queens in 1850. They lived in Astoria, Queens. They had a family in the 1850s however I could not find any trace of them after 1870.
Patrick b 1832, a tailor, and Elizabeth. They were in Brooklyn in 1860 and 1880 as Hade. The Brooklyn directory of 1880 showed them as Hayde. Patrick was naturalised on 23 Sept 1856, the same day as a Richard Hade. Their oath’s of Nov 1852 were both witnessed by Robert Rollins.
From Dunlavin, Wicklow (Tree # 3)
- Patrick b 1863, a son of Thomas and Mary Cahill, arrived in 1884 with his wife Ellen and one child.
- William Hayde b 1826, son of James and Rose, was in the army and in barracks in New Mexico in 1850. He enlisted at New York in 1849 and was discharged in 1854 after serving his 5 year period of service. He was in Ohio in 1870. In 1877 he was in Dublin and he married in 1878.
From Ballinure (Tree # 10)
John born 1847 in Ireland arrived in New Brunswick, Middlesex in 1868. Mar Margaret Long.
The 1870 census has the family as Hade. However in 1880, 1900 and later years they were Hayde.
From Kilkenny City (Tree # 20)
- Mary (widow of James) arrived with children in 1870. Settled Woodbridge, Middlesex, NJ
Connecticut (Tree # 11)
Patrick b Cloran, Drangan, Ireland in 1832. Emigrated with his wife in the early 1850s. The 1860 census had him as Haide, in 1880 as Hoyd and 1900 and onwards as Hayde. The males were initially farm workers but from 1870 onwards worked in iron mines.
Descendants live in Connecticut.
From Urlingford (Tree # 4)
- William b 1832 and Mary Cass arrived in 1881. Settled in Gloucester, NJ
- Julia b 1878 arrived Boston 1904
From Ireland (Tree # 24)
James b 1835 arrived in Boston around 1850. He was a stone cutter. He and his wife Bridget had 6 children of which 5 were still alive in 1900.
I have not yet traced any living relative of this family.
From Ballinure (Tree # 10)
Richard b 1852 arrived 1869, Margaret b 1844 mar Boston 1873, Alice b 1855 died Mass 1887
From Kilsheelan, Tipperary
Michael b 1833 and Margaret Barnable arrived circa 1860. They settled in Hatfield, Hampshire, Massachusetts.
Two children of Michael b abt 1800 married in Boston, Suffolk in the 1860s.
David b 1825 and Margaret were in Quincy, Norfolk in 1860. David was a stone cutter.
Chicago (Tree # 14)
James born Cashel, Ireland in 1806 arrived with his family via Canada in 1860. He settled in Chicago. The family were involved in the grain industry. One son ran a dry goods business that was destroyed by the great Chicago fire of 1871. Descendants still live in the area.
Indiana (Tree # 19)
George b 1807 and Mary were in Brooklyn, Kings in 1850. George b 1821 is probably related and settled in Marion City, Grant, Indiana in the 1860s.
Kansas (Tree # 12)
Patrick Joseph born 1826 in Monameagh, Cashel, Tipperary, emigrated in the early 1850s. He initially lived in New York, by 1860 was a mason in Iowa, by 1870 a bricklayer in Missouri and in 1880 in Kansas City.
His descendants are mainly in Kansas, although some are in California, Vermont and Ohio.
St Louis (Tree # 22)
Several families arrived in St Louis in the 1850s and 1860s. Their Irish origins are not know although one 1880 census reference refers to children being born in Tipperary.
Michigan (Tree # 7)
Peter b 1843 in Kilduff, North Tipperary, Ireland arrived in NY in 1868. He settled in Detroit, Michigan.
There are several other Haydes that appear in other States in the various censuses. I have not included them in the above because they either:
- Only appeared in one census, or
- Were in small numbers, or
- Seemed to die out or adopt a variant.
Some of these arrived from Germany/Austria/Hungary.
Eventually I hope to trace all existing Haydes in America and trace them to one of the above trees.