Most current Hayde families that I have located can trace their origins back to Ireland. The Irish history however is very difficult to piece together as many records were destroyed in a fire in 1922. There was also a paucity of records prior to 1800. Much of the records are also held in Ireland (eg catholic parish records) and it is necessary to research this material in Ireland, although during 2014 amd 2015 some key records started becoming available on the internet through both pay for sites as well as free sites.
Hayde, together with variants Heade, Hade, Haid and Haide, can be found in parish records in Counties Carlow, Kildare, Wicklow, Meath, Tipperary and Dublin. The earliest census, in 1659, showed 7 Heade families in Co. Tipperary.
The Hearth Money records of 1666/67 showed 6 Hayde families living within 10kms of each other in Tipperary. The heads of 3 of these families shared the same first name of James. They were possibly named after either King James I or his grandson King James II. James I ruled from 1603 until his death in 1625 when Charles I took over. James II was born in 1633 and was crowned King in 1685.
It is however more likely that they were named after James Butler (1610-1688), the 12th Earl of Ormonde (appointed 1634). The Butler family presided over the Palatinate of Tipperary until it was purchased by the Crown under an act of Parliament in 1715.
The next record taken of names was in 1766, when the Irish House of Lords resolved to undertake a census that distinguished between Protestants and Papists (ie Catholics) in each parish. Part of the records for South Tipperary have survived. They show a number of Head and Heade families in this area (together with Headen families).
It seems likely that the first Hayde who arrived in Ireland would have been born in the late 1500s.
The documents below provide more detail:
The History of Ireland as it affects our Genealogy – this is a brief history of Ireland and explores our potential origins
Key Reference Material – this summarises the main sources of genealogical data available.
Ireland – 1600-1800 – outlines the Hayde/Hade/Heade/Haide references in this time period
Census Substitutes in 1800s– contains details of the families found in the Tithe records of the early 1800s and the Griffiths records of the mid 1800s and the land owning records of 1876.
Irish Probates and Wills – summarises relevant Irish probates and wills from 1458.
1901 and 1911 Civil Census is a summary of all the relevant families in Ireland at the time of the 1901 and 1911 census.
The theories that I have heard about how he/they could have arrived are as follows:
1. As a survivor of the Spanish armada that was wrecked off the coast of Ireland in 1588. (This is not very likely as there is no evidence of seamanship among the early European Hayde families and most survivors were executed by the British if they reached land in Ireland).
2. As a protestant emigrant from the Palatine area of Germany who made it to England and was transplanted into Ireland by the English to convert the Irish Catholics to Protestants. (While I have traced the emigration of a large number of Germans out of the Palatine area to Ireland and America (via England) in the 1700s, I have not been able to prove that a Hayde was amoung the party that went to Ireland (this is also later than when I think we first arrived in Ireland).
3. As part of the Cromwellian resettlements from England in 1649 that survived the subsequent rebellion of the locals. (However, this is not logical as the new settlers became landowners and the Haydes that I have found were tenants and labourers on someone else’s land).
4. As a derivation of Hayden. This cannot be proven or disproven until we have done more work on the Hayde/Hade/Heade DNA and compared it to samples from Hayden/Headen/Headon families. Initial results show that the DNA for Hayde is not the same as DNA of Hayden or Haydon Irish families.
I have traced all the current Great Britain families and most of the current American families back to their Irish ancestry. I have also traced most of the current Ireland families back to their origins. I have traced many Hayde families in America but there are still some that I have not contacted.
The main families located, and their origins are:
1) From Kildare/Wicklow
- Laurence born about 1740 in the Skelp area. Descendants are in Dublin, Naas, Newmarket (England), Liverpool, New Zealand and America. This tree has been genetically linked to Trees 1, 9, 10 and 15. This is Tree #3.
- Christopher Heade who was born about 1785 and married Margaret Byrne in Dublin in 1806. His descendants are in Dublin, Australia and America. Most have adopted the surname Hade or Heade. This is part of Tree #16.
- Henry who seems to have had five sons in Dublin. His descendants are in Dublin, England and America. Most have adopted the surname Hade or Heade although there is one Hayde family. I have assumed that this family is linked to Christopher above as they were in similar parts of Dublin at the same time. This is part of Tree #16.
- James and Pat Hayde who were working in the textile factories in Dublin at the time these were closed in the 1820s. In 1826 these families were listed in Dublin records showing James and Pat as being redeployed to other jobs. Descendants have adopted the surname Hade or Haide. This is Tree #17. I presume that this tree will link to Trees 3 and 16 but until DNA tests prove this I am have recorded this as a separate family record.
2) From Meath
- A family who emigrated to Oregon in the early 1900s can trace their origins to Duleek in Meath. The records in the 1800s variously used the surnames of Hayde, Hade and Heade. Descendants have adopted Heade. I suspect a link to a Dublin family but the records are incomplete. A DNA test is required to prove/disprove a link. This is Tree #17.
3) From Carlow
- Three families with farms at Straboe, Ballylennon and Ballyvergal in the late 1700s. Descendants are mainly in Carlow, Laoise, Dublin and America. This is Tree #15. This tree has been genetically linked to Trees 1, 3, 9 and 10. The DNA connections prove that this family originated in Tipperary and moved North at some time between the 1659 and 1750.
4) From Kilkenny
- Philip born about 1755 in Urlingford area. Descendants are in Urlingford, Dublin, Kilkenny and America. Many have adopted the Heade surname. This is Tree #4. The DNA of descendants of this tree has been genetically linked to Trees 6 and 8.
5) From Tipperary
- Laurence born 1812 in Ballingarry area. He eloped with Ellen to Cardiff around 1836. Descendants in Wales and Australia. Other cousins of Lawrence went to America and some stayed in Ballingarry. The Ballingarry family died out while I have not found any descendants of the emigrants to America. This is Tree #2.
- Patrick born 1828 in Fethard. He served in the British army and retired in later life to Lancashire, England. His descendants are in Lancashire, Ireland and America. This is Tree #6. This Patrick is genetically linked to Trees 4 and 8.
- John born 1830, joined Royal Irish Constabulary. Descendants in Naas, Liverpool, Rathdown, Dublin, London, and America. This is Tree #8. This tree has been genetically linked to Trees 4 and 6.
- Children of Edward and Catherine Liddon/Leahy born in the 1840s in Ballinure and emigrated to America. This is Tree #9. This Tree has been genetically linked to Trees 1,3,10 and 15. Descendants are mainly in New York, or can trace themselves back to NY.
- Patrick, Thomas and James born 1790s in Ballinure. Descendants in Thurles, Killenaule, Clonmel and Dublin. This tree has been genetically linked to Trees 1, 3, 9 and 15. This is Tree #10.
- Patrick born 1832 in Limerick or Tipperary. Emigrated to America about 1850. This is Tree #11. They mainly lived in Connecticut. I have not found any living descendants.
- Patrick Joseph born 1828 Cashel, Tipperary. Emigrated to America. Family in Kansas, California and Canada. This is Tree #12.
- James and Johanna/Judith Conway from Tipperary who emigrated to Canada with probably 3 sons and 2 daughters who ended up settling in Chicago. This is Tree #14. The earliest records of this family were in Ballingarry – the same parish as Tree 2.
- Patrick born about 1803 in Tipperary who went to London in 1840s. Descendants are in England, India, Canada, Australia and New Zealand. This is Tree #1. This tree has been genetically linked to Trees 3, 9, 10 and 15.
- Several from Thurles, including Patrick who settled in Oldham, Edward who settled in Wigan, John in Warwickshire, another Patrick in Middleton, John in Great Bolton, and another Patrick in Channel Islands. This is Tree #7.
Interestingly, the DNA tests show two distinct DNA groupings. Trees 1, 3, 9, 10 and 15 are in one set while Trees 4, 6 and 8 are in the other. This is discussed further in the DNA Research page.